The national butterfly of Sri Lanka ; Sri Lankan Birdwing | Troides darsius

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This is a large sized , endemic, migratory species that belong to the family of Papilionidae which can be moderately found in both forests and home gardens all over the country.

It flies very fast and observe that this is a female as there is a little white dusting in the fore wing upperside along the veins.

info source: A pocket guide to the Butterflies of Sri Lanka by BCSSL
The photo was clicked at the dry side of Knuckles reserves.

Great orange tip | Hebomoia glaucippe

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This is a medium sized migratory species that can be seen in almost every part of the country in forests as well as in home gardens.
The appex is orange in colour and is divided along the veins with a black margin. The ubderside is similar to a dry leaf; giving a good camuflage effect.


The photo was clicke at the Knuclles reserves on the way to Sera Alla in a relatively dry season.

info source : A pocket guide to the butterflies of Sri Lanka by #BCSSL

Beetle with the fancy antennas.

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This bugger was sitting on my study desk and I clicked it due to its fancy antennas…


This belongs to the group of Beetles which fall under the order of Coleoptera. The key factor which distinguishes beetles from other insects is its Elytra ; which is a protective cover over the abdominal area formed by hardening of the fore wings.

A sincere thank goes to Mr Tharindu Ranasinghe for making me aware of the facts.

Oriental Palm Bob | Suastus gremius

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Well, gonna disappoint you again by saying this is not a moth, but a butterfly even though he is not beautiful as his fellow butterflies.

Belonging to the family of Hesperiidae, this butterfly is also known as Indian palm bob.

A small sized butterfly which is common in almost every area of the country but in cold areas. Note that there are black spots on the rear wing unlike the most of others in his family who have white spots.

The photo was clicked at a Kandyan home.

Info source : A pocked guide to the butterflies of Sri Lanka by BCSSL.

Marbled White Moth | Nyctemera coleta

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First, you must observe that this has a non-club shaped antenna making it off the sub-order of butterflies and place itself in the order of Lepidoptera – Moths. Further more, it has a resting posture in which its wings are kept downward rather than the butterflies which does not. (Observe the second picture)

White mDSC_0257-01arble moth is also known as White tiger moth. The subject in the picture is a Nyctemera coleta nigrovenosa Moore ; which is the Sri Lankan sub species.

This seems almost same as Tigers in butterfly group in wing pattern at once. (There is a picture of a Tiger in the account. Try identifying differences.)
The photo was clicked at a Kandyan home garden under sunny conditions in a morning at about 8 a.m. The tree on which it feeds is a curry leaf plant (Murraya koenigii) and it rests on a Pepper (Piper nigrum) plant.

Must thank Mr Thisaru Guruge (@thisarug) for identification. Source of info : web.

Common Leopard | Phalanta phalantha

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This is a common migratory species which is also known as Spotted Rustic.

Notice that the outer margin of the hind wing is wavy and the black marks along it are almost uniform. The new born butterflies have a purplish shade as well as one of the sub species does.

This species is found throughout the country and can be seen roaming around their LFPs usually as it is said to be a sun loving butterfly.

(source of info: A pocket guide to Butterflies of Sri Lanka by BCSSL.)

Commander | Moduza procris 

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This is a medium sized migratory species which belong to the family of Nymphalidae. Note that it has a broad white median band, a red postal band and a red distal band ( not clearly visible in the underside.)

It feeds on a range of sources from flower nectar to mud sipping (which it is doing in the picture) as it has a good range of flight altitude. As well, note that it is sitting only on four legs, which is a key characteristic of the family of Nymphalidae.

The picture was clicked in a Kandyan home garden though this species is known to be found mainly in forest areas of the wet zone of the country.

(Source of info : A pocket guide to the Butterflies of Sri Lanka, 2nd Edition by BCSSL)

Sri Lankan Lesser Albatross | Appias galene

This is a male butterfly of the Endemic species of Sri Lankan Lesser Albatross who comes under the family of Pieridae.

These exhibit migrations in large numbers and mud sip during these migrations.

Note : When the butterflies fly for long times, they also run out of body minerals like humans do the same when sweating. So they sip mud to gain the lost minerals directly.

This Albatross was clicked at the peak of Balumgala, Kadugannawa whch is a super windy place. But records say some of these prefer gloomy forests as well.

Glassy Tiger | Parantica aglea

 

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This is a medium sized common butterfly which belongs to the group of tigers and is found in almost every part of Sri Lanka. It is seen in both woods and populated areas.

Depend on Helicotropium indicum and Crotalaria retusa as both those plants are a little toxic which assures the protection of these from predators. The larva of this butterfly feeds on Tylophora pauciflora, T. flexuosa and T.multiflora.

The image was clicked at Balumgala, Kadugannawa, Sri Lanka on 17th April 2017.

Information source : A pocket guide to butterflies in Sri Lanka – BCSSL

Calotes versicolor | ගරා කටුස්සා | oriental garden lizard

This is a male oriental garden lizard, which is also known as changeable lizard. Belongs to the family of agamidae.
The photo was clicked at the point of dondra (near the survey point plaque; the southmost point of Sri Lanka) making it possible that this is the lizard that lives southmost of all the lizards of Sri Lanka. Another male lizard and a baby lizard were found at the same place (on 4thMarch 2017), but was unable to find the female lizard.

Observe the well grown limbs of this lizard which is a key characteristics of the agamids.
A sincere thank to @thisarug for identification.

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